The purpose of a citation is to provide the reader with information to find the source of the author's facts or ideas.
A citation is a standard way to describe a published or unpublished source (book, journal article, chapter, website, figure, image, idea, etc.). This makes it easy to find the source and provides some consistency. They are found in bibliographies, reference and work cited lists at the end of articles and chapters in books.
A citation may look different depending on the work being cited or the citation style. Most citations consist of these common elements:
Angelou, Maya. A Brave and Startling Truth.
New York: Random, 1995.
Ray, Robert B. “How to Teach Cultural
Studies.” Studies in the Literary
Imagination 31.1 (1998) : 25-36
A DOI is a unique code assigned to a digital object (such as an article from a database) used for location and identification. You'll often see the DOI for an article listed on its first page. DOIs allow you to connect directly to a specific article, avoiding potential problems like broken links or missing URLs. To find the DOI for an article you're citing, use the Lookup link. To find an article from a DOI, use the DOI resolver.
Taken from the Student Guidebook to Resources and Citation - Pearson Publishing
1. Provide clear attribution of outside sources.
2. Identify all works and phrases taken from sources by enclosing them within quotation marks.
3. Follow all quotations, paraphrases, and summaries of outside sources with appropriate and complete citations.
4. Use your own words and sentence structure when you paraphrase.
5. Be certain that all summaries and paraphrases of your sources are accurate and objective.
6. Include all print and retrievable electronic sourcs in the References page that follows the body of your papers.
7. Provide documentation for all visual images, charts, and graphs from printed or electronic sources.