To avoid committing plagiarism, you will need to know what it is and how to recognize it (see boxes below), how to cite your sources (see Citing Sources and Citations Styles tabs above), how to properly incorporate the works of others (sources) into your research paper (see Paraphrasing, Quoting, Summarizing tab above), and also practice with tutorials and exercises (see Additional Resources).
Plagiarism is the act of presenting someone else’s work, words, or ideas as your own.
More detailed definitions:
“Simply put, plagiarism is the theft of intellectual property belonging to another. This includes both the theft of unwritten ideas and concepts as well as the theft of written texts, notes, computer programs, designs, and/or visual materials" (Jones 4) .
"In an instructional setting, plagiarism occurs when a writer deliberately uses someone else’s language, ideas, or other original (not common-knowledge) material without acknowledging its source.This definition applies to texts published in print or on-line, to manuscripts, and to the work of other student writers" (WPA).
Jones, Lars. Academic Integrity & Academic Dishonesty: A Handbook About Cheating & Plagiarism. 2011. Print/Web. Recommended handbook on plagiarism for Florida Tech students and faculty.
WPA (The Council of Writing Program Administrators). Defining and Avoiding Plagiarism: The WPA Statement on Best Practices.
Considered a lack of academic integrity, academic dishonesty, academic fraud, intellectual theft, and cheating.
The Florida Tech Student Handbook, under the heading, Academic Honesty, gives examples of plagiarism:
According to the Council of Writing Program Administrators, these are some of the reasons why students plagiarize:
Class Syllabus - includes the class policy on plagiarism.
From: Harris, Robert A. The Plagiarism Handbook. Los Angeles: Pyrczk Publishing, 2001.
Even if you are using your own words to paraphrase or summarize a source, you still need to cite it since it was originally someone else's idea or words.
“The most cardinal rule of any speech-writing operation is that you cannot plagiarize. If you do, you lose your job.” Matt Latimer, White House speechwriter for George W. Bush.
Academic Integrity & Academic Dishonesty: A Handbook about Cheating & Plagiarism, Revised & Expanded Edition by Dr. Lars Jones, Florida Tech
- shows examples of plagiarism, including improper citing and paraphrasing.
How to recognize Plagiarism - Examples courtesy of Indiana University Bloomington School of Education
Plagiarism Quiz - Acceptable Use or Not? - University of Southern Mississippi
See Additional Resources tab at the top for more resources.
Examples: Patterns of Plagiarism (from Indiana University Bloomington)
Below are 15 patterns of plagiarism, followed by 3 patterns of non-plagiarism. Click on each pattern name to see a prototypical example.
Key: wfw=word-for-word plagiarism; para=paraphrasing plagiarism
Examples: Patterns of Non-Plagiarism