Have a question? Librarians are here to help.
The purpose of a citation is to provide the reader with information necessary to find the source of the author's statement. A citation is a standard way to describe a published or unpublished source, such as a:
book or book chapter
A citation makes it easy to find the source and provides some consistency. They are found in bibliographies, references and work cited lists at the end of articles and chapters in books. A citation may look different depending on the type of source you use and the citation style. Most citations consist of these common elements:
title of the source
Angelou, M. (1995). A brave and startling truth. Random House.
Edwards, K. S., & Shin, M. (2017). Media multitasking and implicit learning. Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics, 79(5), 1535-1549.
A DOI or Digital Object Identifier is a unique code assigned to a digital object (such as an article from a database) used for location and identification. You'll often see the DOI for an article listed on its first page. Clicking on a DOI takes you directly to a specific article, avoiding potential problems like broken links or missing URLs.