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The Fair Way

Welcome to the Fair Way, your partner in Brevard County science research! Evans Library has assembled information, resources, and instructions to help you write the parts of your research plan.

Data & Analysis

Tomato harvest comparison

Stockert, D., Larson, J., and Noble, D. (2000). The data collected will be helpful to local garden growers in determining which tomato varieties should grow the best under southwestern North Dakota growing conditions.

Collecting and Analyzing Data

The Data Analysis section of your research plan includes the procedures that you will use to analyze the data that you collect.

Once your data collection is complete, you will analyze the results recorded in your Daily Log and decide whwhether your hypothesis is supported or rejected. Data visualizations (charts and graphs) will help clarify your analysis. 

The Daily Log

Your logbook should be a careful, detailed, permanent record of the data that you collect. Choose a sturdy notebook - no pages should ever be torn out - and write in blue or black pen.

Divide your log into two sections:

  • Daily Work - Everything that you do or want to do, beginning with your search for a topic through to your final analysis and conclusion.
  • Data - All experimental data, including measurements, observations, and test results.

The log book should be legible, but always write in pen (no typing). Erasing or using white-out could be seen as the “fudging” of data. Always remember to write in third person. You are “the researcher” or “the scientist,” not I, me, we, my, etc. Do not write teacher names, either!

Data Analysis

Once you have collected your data, what does it mean? Analyze your results mathematically, using mean, median, mode, range, percentages, etc. to find explanations of your results. Below are some tools that will analyze the data that you upload online:

Data Visualization

Charts, graphs, and other visuals can help others to understand your results. Below are some good data visualization tools and resources:

  • Excel Charts - Step-by-step instruction on creating charts using Excel, from Microsoft Office.
  • Power View/Excel 2013 - Quickly create a variety of visualizations, including all kinds of charts, maps, and combinations, using Power View for Excel 2013.
  • US Census Data Visualization Gallery - View a variety of data visualizations from the Census Bureau (can't create visualizations here, but lots of ideas for inspiration!).
  • Google Data Studio - A free, user-friendly Google product you can use to create visualizations.
  • RAWGraphs - An easy-to-use product that creates visualizations and has free (no-pay) options.