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Writing with APA Citation Style

This guide provides links to library and web resources for outlining, formatting, and citing research papers using the American Psychological Association (APA) citation style.

What is an Annotated Bibliography?

An annotated bibliography is an organized list of sources (like a reference list). It differs from a straightforward bibliography in that each reference is followed by a paragraph length annotation, usually 100–200 words in length.
Depending on the assignment, an annotated bibliography might have different purposes:

  • Provide a literature review on a particular subject
  • Help to formulate a thesis on a subject
  • Demonstrate the research you have performed on a particular subject
  • Provide examples of major sources of information available on a topic
  • Describe items that other researchers may find of interest on a topic

Types of Annotated Bibliography

There are two major types of annotated bibliographies:

  • Descriptive or informative
  • Analytical or critical