Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
Florida Tech Evans Library Logo

Academic Integrity

Basic Tips on Avoiding Plagiarism

What is a Citation?

Citation: A Brief Introduction by NC State University Libraries is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 United States (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 US)

Why Citations Matter?

When you incorporate or refer to others' theories, words, ideas, or concepts in a paper or project, you must document each one using a citation.

You need to cite:

  • Direct quotes

  • Paraphrases and summaries

  • Words or terminology specific to or unique to the author's research, theories, or ideas

  • Use of an author's argument or line of thinking

  • Historical, statistical, or scientific facts

  • Graphs, drawings, or other such aggregations of information or data

  • Articles or studies you refer to within your text

 

Types of Citations

In-text citation - limited information for a specific source that you incorporate in the body of your paper. Anything referenced in an in-text citation must have a corresponding entry on the full citations list.

Full citations - a separate listing at the end of your paper of all the sources you incorporate in your paper's body with each source's detailed and complete location information.

Citations Styles - set specific rules for creating both in-text citations and full citations. Depending on the style guide, this list has different names - Bibliography, Works Cited, References - and will follow various organizational patterns.

Source: Fundamentals of Engineering Technical Communications by Leah Wahlin is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC-BY-NC-4.0)