Not too sure these are truly your own words? When in doubt, cite!
Taken from the Student Guidebook to Resources and Citation - Pearson Publishing
1. Provide clear attribution of outside sources.
2. Identify all works and phrases taken from sources by enclosing them within quotation marks.
3. Follow all quotations, paraphrases, and summaries of outside sources with appropriate and complete citations.
4. Use your own words and sentence structure when you paraphrase.
5. Be certain that all summaries and paraphrases of your sources are accurate and objective.
6. Include all print and retrievable electronic sourcs in the References page that follows the body of your papers.
7. Provide documentation for all visual images, charts, and graphs from printed or electronic sources.
From Purdue OWL website: Quotations need to be taken from their original context and integrated fully into their new textual surroundings. Every quotation needs to have your own words appear in the same sentence. Here are some easy to use templates* for doing this type of introduction::
Templates for Introducing Quotations
X states, “__________.”
As the world-famous scholar X explains it, “________.”
As claimed by X, “______.”
In her article _______, X suggests that “_________.”
In X’s perspective, “___________.”
X concurs when she notes, “_______.”
You may have noticed that when the word “that” is used, the comma frequently becomes unnecessary. This is because the word “that” integrates the quotation with the main clause of your sentence (instead of creating an independent and dependent clause).
Now that you’ve successfully used the quotation in your sentence, it’s time to explain what that quotations means—either in a general sense or in the context of your argument. Here are some templates for explaining quotations:
Templates for Explaining Quotations
In other words, X asserts __________.
In arguing this claim, X argues that __________.
X is insisting that _________.
What X really means is that ____________.
The basis of X’s argument is that ___________.
Source: Purdue OWL [https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/930/10/]
A citation is a standard way to describe a published or unpublished source (book, journal article, chapter, website, figure, image, idea, etc.). This makes it easy to find the source and provides some consistency. They are found in bibilographies, reference and work cited lists in articles and books.
A citation may look different depending on the work being cited or the citation style. Most citations consist of these common elements:
Angelou, Maya. A Brave and Startling Truth. New York:
Ray, Robert B. “How to Teach Cultural Studies.” Studies in the
Literary Imagination 31.1 (1998) : 25-36
Paraphrase, page number citation:
Montagu claims that American men have a diminished capacity to be human because they have been trained by their culture not to cry (248).
Lead in (book and author), direct quote, page-number citation:
In his book The American Way of Life, Ashley Montagu writes, “The trained inability of any human being to weep is a lessening of his capacity to be human – a defect which usually goes deeper than the mere inability to cry” (248).
Lead in (Author), direct quote, page-number citation
According to Montagu, “To be human is to weep” (248).
Direct quote, page-number citation:
“If we feel like it,” writes Montagu, “let us have a good cry – and clear our minds of those cobwebs of confusion which have for so long prevented us from understanding the intellectual necessity of crying” (248).
Lead in, direct quote, author and page-number citation:
One distinguished anthropologist calls the American male’s reluctance to cry “a lessening of his capacity to be human” (Montagu 248).
Lead in (author), direct quote, page-number citation in between sentences.
When my grandfather died, all the members of my family – men and women alike – wept openly. We have never been ashamed to cry. As Montagu writes, “to be human is to weep” (248). I am sure we are more human, and in better mental and physical health, because we are able to express our feelings without artificial restraints.